Newcastle disease confirmed in Utah chicken flock


State veterinarian cautions of poultry import restrictions

A case of virulent

Newcastle disease in a small flock of

backyard exhibition chickens located in

Utah County, Utah was confirmed by the

USDA on Friday, Jan. 18. In response,

Wyoming State Veterinarian Dr. Jim

Logan is strongly reminding poultry owners,

dealers and exhibitors of the requirements

to bring poultry and hatching eggs

into the state.

To come into Wyoming, all poultry

and hatching eggs – including those

coming in for exhibition – are required

to have an Interstate Certificate of Veterinary

Inspection (ICVI or health certificate)

issued by an accredited veterinarian

from the state of origin. These certificates

are valid for 30 days. A copy of the

health certificate must be attached to each

container in which the poultry are being

shipped. Each container must also be labeled

with the following information:

The name and address of the shipper; the

number of poultry or hatching eggs in the

container; the breed of poultry or hatching

eggs in the container; the sex of the

poultry in the container; the age and hatch

date of the poultry in the container; and

the name of the hatchery or person producing

the poultry or hatching eggs in the

container.

Additionally, poultry imported for resale

or commercial egg or meat production

must have a negative test result for

each of the following diseases within

30 days prior to import unless they are

from an NPIP clean flock for the respective

disease(s): Pullorum-Typhoid, Avian

Influenza, Mycoplasma gallisepticum,

Mycoplasma synoviae and Salmonella

enteritidis.

The Utah case is the first one of virulent

Newcastle disease in that state and

is believed to be connected to the current

outbreak in California as three of

the birds at the premises were recently

moved to Utah from Los Angeles County,

Calif. It is not a food safety concern as no

human cases of Newcastle disease have

ever occurred from eating poultry products,

according to the USDA. In very rare

instances, people working directly with

sick birds can become infected.

The USDA describes the disease as “a

Predator conflict guide

relates real experiences

By Joy Ufford, [email protected]

Newcastle disease confirmed in Utah chicken flock

State veterinarian cautions of poultry import restrictions

contagious and fatal viral disease affecting

the respiratory, nervous and digestive

systems of birds and poultry.

“The disease is so virulent that many

birds and poultry die without showing any

clinical signs. A death rate of almost 100

percent can occur in unvaccinated poultry

flocks. It can also infect and cause death

even in vaccinated poultry.”

Dr. Logan recommends all bird owners

follow good biosecurity practices to help

protect their birds from infectious diseases.

This includes washing hands and

scrubbing boots before and after entering

a poultry area, cleaning and disinfecting

tires and equipment before moving them

off the property and isolating any birds

returning from shows for 30 days before

placing them with the rest of the flock.

More information on virulent Newcastle

disease and biosecurity for all poultry

flocks can be found at www.aphis.usda.

gov. More information on Wyoming’s

poultry import requirements are available

by calling the Wyoming Livestock

Board headquarters in Cheyenne at 307-

777-7515 or the Riverton field office at

307-857-4140.

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